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fuse_lowlevel.h

/*
    FUSE: Filesystem in Userspace
    Copyright (C) 2001-2005  Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu>

    This program can be distributed under the terms of the GNU LGPL.
    See the file COPYING.LIB.
*/

#ifndef _FUSE_LOWLEVEL_H_
#define _FUSE_LOWLEVEL_H_

/* =========================================================== *
 * Low level API                                               *
 * =========================================================== */

#include "fuse_common.h"

#include <utime.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/statfs.h>
#include <sys/uio.h>

#ifdef __cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/* ----------------------------------------------------------- *
 * Miscellaneous definitions                                   *
 * ----------------------------------------------------------- */

/** The node ID of the root inode */
#define FUSE_ROOT_ID 1

/** Inode number type */
typedef unsigned long fuse_ino_t;

/** Request pointer type */
typedef struct fuse_req *fuse_req_t;

/**
 * Session
 *
 * This provides hooks for processing requests, and exiting
 */
struct fuse_session;

/**
 * Channel
 *
 * A communication channel, providing hooks for sending and receiving
 * messages
 */
struct fuse_chan;

/** Directory entry parameters supplied to fuse_reply_entry() */
00057 struct fuse_entry_param {
    /** Unique inode number */
00059     fuse_ino_t ino;

    /** The ino/generation pair should be unique for the filesystem's
        lifetime */
00063     unsigned long generation;

    /** Inode attributes */
00066     struct stat attr;

    /** Validity timeout (in seconds) for the attributes */
00069     double attr_timeout;

    /** Validity timeout (in seconds) for the name */
00072     double entry_timeout;
};

/** Additional context associated with requests */
00076 struct fuse_ctx {
    /** User ID of the calling process */
00078     uid_t uid;

    /** Group ID of the calling process */
00081     gid_t gid;

    /** Thread ID of the calling process */
00084     pid_t pid;
};

/* 'to_set' flags in setattr */
#define FUSE_SET_ATTR_MODE    (1 << 0)
#define FUSE_SET_ATTR_UID     (1 << 1)
#define FUSE_SET_ATTR_GID     (1 << 2)
#define FUSE_SET_ATTR_SIZE    (1 << 3)
#define FUSE_SET_ATTR_ATIME   (1 << 4)
#define FUSE_SET_ATTR_MTIME   (1 << 5)

/* ----------------------------------------------------------- *
 * Request methods and replies                                 *
 * ----------------------------------------------------------- */

/**
 * Low level filesystem operations
 *
 * Most of the methods (with the exception of init and destroy)
 * receive a request handle (fuse_req_t) as their first argument.
 * This handle must be passed to one of the specified reply functions.
 *
 * This may be done inside the method invocation, or after the call
 * has returned.  The request handle is valid until one of the reply
 * functions is called.
 *
 * Other pointer arguments (name, fuse_file_info, etc) are not valid
 * after the call has returned, so if they are needed later, their
 * contents have to be copied.
 *
 * The filesystem sometimes needs to handle a return value of -ENOENT
 * from the reply function, which means, that the request was
 * interrupted, and the reply discarded.  For example if
 * fuse_reply_open() return -ENOENT means, that the release method for
 * this file will not be called.
 */
00120 struct fuse_lowlevel_ops {
    /**
     * Initialize filesystem
     *
     * Called before any other filesystem method
     *
     * There's no reply to this function
     *
     * @param userdata the user data passed to fuse_lowlevel_new()
     */
    void (*init) (void *userdata);

    /**
     * Clean up filesystem
     *
     * Called on filesystem exit
     *
     * There's no reply to this function
     *
     * @param userdata the user data passed to fuse_lowlevel_new()
     */
    void (*destroy) (void *userdata);

    /**
     * Look up a directory entry by name
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_entry()
     *   fuse_reply_err()
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param parent inode number of the parent directory
     * @param name the name to look up
     */
    void (*lookup) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t parent, const char *name);

    /**
     * Forget about an inode
     *
     * The nlookup parameter indicates the number of lookups
     * previously performed on this inode.
     *
     * If the filesystem implements inode lifetimes, it is recommended
     * that inodes acquire a single reference on each lookup, and lose
     * nlookup references on each forget.
     *
     * The filesystem may ignore forget calls, if the inodes don't
     * need to have a limited lifetime.
     *
     * On unmount it is not guaranteed, that all referenced inodes
     * will receive a forget message.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_none()
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param nlookup the number of lookups to forget
     */
    void (*forget) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, unsigned long nlookup);

    /**
     * Get file attributes
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_attr()
     *   fuse_reply_err()
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param fi for future use, currently always NULL
     */
    void (*getattr) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Set file attributes
     *
     * In the 'attr' argument only members indicated by the 'to_set'
     * bitmask contain valid values.  Other members contain undefined
     * values.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_attr()
     *   fuse_reply_err()
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param attr the attributes
     * @param to_set bit mask of attributes which should be set
     * @param fi for future use, currently always NULL
     */
    void (*setattr) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, struct stat *attr,
                    int to_set, struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Read symbolic link
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_readlink
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     */
    void (*readlink) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino);

    /**
     * Create file node
     *
     * Create a regular file, character device, block device, fifo or
     * socket node.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_entry
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param parent inode number of the parent directory
     * @param name to create
     * @param mode file type and mode with which to create the new file
     * @param rdev the device number (only valid if created file is a device)
     */
    void (*mknod) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t parent, const char *name,
                   mode_t mode, dev_t rdev);

    /**
     * Create a directory
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_entry
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param parent inode number of the parent directory
     * @param name to create
     * @param mode with which to create the new file
     */
    void (*mkdir) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t parent, const char *name,
                   mode_t mode);

    /**
     * Remove a file
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param parent inode number of the parent directory
     * @param name to remove
     */
    void (*unlink) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t parent, const char *name);

    /**
     * Remove a directory
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param parent inode number of the parent directory
     * @param name to remove
     */
    void (*rmdir) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t parent, const char *name);

    /**
     * Create a symbolic link
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_entry
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param link the contents of the symbolic link
     * @param parent inode number of the parent directory
     * @param name to create
     */
    void (*symlink) (fuse_req_t req, const char *link, fuse_ino_t parent,
                     const char *name);

    /** Rename a file
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param parent inode number of the old parent directory
     * @param name old name
     * @param newparent inode number of the new parent directory
     * @param newname new name
     */
    void (*rename) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t parent, const char *name,
                    fuse_ino_t newparent, const char *newname);

    /**
     * Create a hard link
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_entry
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the old inode number
     * @param newparent inode number of the new parent directory
     * @param newname new name to create
     */
    void (*link) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, fuse_ino_t newparent,
                  const char *newname);

    /**
     * Open a file
     *
     * Open flags (with the exception of O_CREAT, O_EXCL, O_NOCTTY and
     * O_TRUNC) are available in fi->flags.
     *
     * Filesystem may store an arbitrary file handle (pointer, index,
     * etc) in fi->fh, and use this in other all other file operations
     * (read, write, flush, release, fsync).
     *
     * Filesystem may also implement stateless file I/O and not store
     * anything in fi->fh.
     *
     * There are also some flags (direct_io, keep_cache) which the
     * filesystem may set in fi, to change the way the file is opened.
     * See fuse_file_info structure in <fuse_common.h> for more details.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_open
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param fi file information
     */
    void (*open) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Read data
     *
     * Read should send exactly the number of bytes requested except
     * on EOF or error, otherwise the rest of the data will be
     * substituted with zeroes.  An exception to this is when the file
     * has been opened in 'direct_io' mode, in which case the return
     * value of the read system call will reflect the return value of
     * this operation.
     *
     * fi->fh will contain the value set by the open method, or will
     * be undefined if the open method didn't set any value.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_buf
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param size number of bytes to read
     * @param off offset to read from
     * @param fi file information
     */
    void (*read) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, size_t size, off_t off,
                  struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Write data
     *
     * Write should return exactly the number of bytes requested
     * except on error.  An exception to this is when the file has
     * been opened in 'direct_io' mode, in which case the return value
     * of the write system call will reflect the return value of this
     * operation.
     *
     * fi->fh will contain the value set by the open method, or will
     * be undefined if the open method didn't set any value.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_write
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param buf data to write
     * @param size number of bytes to write
     * @param off offset to write to
     * @param fi file information
     */
    void (*write) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, const char *buf,
                   size_t size, off_t off, struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Flush method
     *
     * This is called on each close() of the opened file.
     *
     * Since file descriptors can be duplicated (dup, dup2, fork), for
     * one open call there may be many flush calls.
     *
     * Filesystems shouldn't assume that flush will always be called
     * after some writes, or that if will be called at all.
     *
     * fi->fh will contain the value set by the open method, or will
     * be undefined if the open method didn't set any value.
     *
     * NOTE: the name of the method is misleading, since (unlike
     * fsync) the filesystem is not forced to flush pending writes.
     * One reason to flush data, is if the filesystem wants to return
     * write errors.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param fi file information
     */
    void (*flush) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Release an open file
     *
     * Release is called when there are no more references to an open
     * file: all file descriptors are closed and all memory mappings
     * are unmapped.
     *
     * For every open call there will be exactly one release call.
     *
     * The filesystem may reply with an error, but error values are
     * not returned to close() or munmap() which triggered the
     * release.
     *
     * fi->fh will contain the value set by the open method, or will
     * be undefined if the open method didn't set any value.
     * fi->flags will contain the same flags as for open.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param fi file information
     */
    void (*release) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Synchronize file contents
     *
     * If the datasync parameter is non-zero, then only the user data
     * should be flushed, not the meta data.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param datasync flag indicating if only data should be flushed
     * @param fi file information
     */
    void (*fsync) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, int datasync,
                   struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Open a directory
     *
     * Filesystem may store an arbitrary file handle (pointer, index,
     * etc) in fi->fh, and use this in other all other directory
     * stream operations (readdir, releasedir, fsyncdir).
     *
     * Filesystem may also implement stateless directory I/O and not
     * store anything in fi->fh, though that makes it impossible to
     * implement standard conforming directory stream operations in
     * case the contents of the directory can change between opendir
     * and releasedir.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_open
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param fi file information
     */
    void (*opendir) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Read directory
     *
     * Send a buffer filled using fuse_add_dirent(), with size not
     * exceeding the requested size.  Send an empty buffer on end of
     * stream.
     *
     * fi->fh will contain the value set by the opendir method, or
     * will be undefined if the opendir method didn't set any value.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_buf
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param size maximum number of bytes to send
     * @param off offset to continue reading the directory stream
     * @param fi file information
     */
    void (*readdir) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, size_t size, off_t off,
                     struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Release an open directory
     *
     * For every opendir call there will be exactly one releasedir
     * call.
     *
     * Any errors sent by releasedir will be ignored.
     *
     * fi->fh will contain the value set by the opendir method, or
     * will be undefined if the opendir method didn't set any value.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param fi file information
     */
    void (*releasedir) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino,
                        struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Synchronize directory contents
     *
     * If the datasync parameter is non-zero, then only the directory
     * contents should be flushed, not the meta data.
     *
     * fi->fh will contain the value set by the opendir method, or
     * will be undefined if the opendir method didn't set any value.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param datasync flag indicating if only data should be flushed
     * @param fi file information
     */
    void (*fsyncdir) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, int datasync,
                      struct fuse_file_info *fi);

    /**
     * Get file system statistics
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_statfs
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     */
    void (*statfs) (fuse_req_t req);

    /**
     * Set an extended attribute
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_err
     */
    void (*setxattr) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, const char *name,
                      const char *value, size_t size, int flags);

    /**
     * Get an extended attribute
     *
     * If size is zero, the size of the value should be sent with
     * fuse_reply_xattr.
     *
     * If the size is non-zero, and the value fits in the buffer, the
     * value should be sent with fuse_reply_buf.
     *
     * If the size is too small for the value, the ERANGE error should
     * be sent.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_buf
     *   fuse_reply_xattr
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param name of the extended attribute
     * @param size maximum size of the value to send
     */
    void (*getxattr) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, const char *name,
                      size_t size);

    /**
     * List extended attribute names
     *
     * If size is zero, the total size of the attribute list should be
     * sent with fuse_reply_xattr.
     *
     * If the size is non-zero, and the null character separated
     * attribute list fits in the buffer, the list should be sent with
     * fuse_reply_buf.
     *
     * If the size is too small for the list, the ERANGE error should
     * be sent.
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_buf
     *   fuse_reply_xattr
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param size maximum size of the list to send
     */
    void (*listxattr) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, size_t size);

    /**
     * Remove an extended attribute
     *
     * Valid replies:
     *   fuse_reply_err
     *
     * @param req request handle
     * @param ino the inode number
     * @param name of the extended attribute
     */
    void (*removexattr) (fuse_req_t req, fuse_ino_t ino, const char *name);
};

/**
 * Reply with an error code or success
 *
 * Possible requests:
 *   all except forget
 *
 * unlink, rmdir, rename, flush, release, fsync, fsyncdir, setxattr
 * and removexattr may send a zero code
 *
 * @param req request handle
 * @param err the positive error value, or zero for success
 * @return zero for success, -errno for failure to send reply
 */
int fuse_reply_err(fuse_req_t req, int err);

/**
 * Don't send reply
 *
 * Possible requests:
 *   forget
 *
 * @param req request handle
 */
void fuse_reply_none(fuse_req_t req);

/**
 * Reply with a directory entry
 *
 * Possible requests:
 *   lookup, mknod, mkdir, symlink, link
 *
 * @param req request handle
 * @param e the entry parameters
 * @return zero for success, -errno for failure to send reply
 */
int fuse_reply_entry(fuse_req_t req, const struct fuse_entry_param *e);

/**
 * Reply with attributes
 *
 * Possible requests:
 *   getattr, setattr
 *
 * @param req request handle
 * @param the attributes
 * @param attr_timeout  validity timeout (in seconds) for the attributes
 * @return zero for success, -errno for failure to send reply
 */
int fuse_reply_attr(fuse_req_t req, const struct stat *attr,
                    double attr_timeout);

/**
 * Reply with the contents of a symbolic link
 *
 * Possible requests:
 *   readlink
 *
 * @param req request handle
 * @param link symbolic link contents
 * @return zero for success, -errno for failure to send reply
 */
int fuse_reply_readlink(fuse_req_t req, const char *link);

/**
 * Reply with open parameters
 *
 * currently the following members of 'fi' are used:
 *   fh, direct_io, keep_cache
 *
 * Possible requests:
 *   open, opendir
 *
 * @param req request handle
 * @param fi file information
 * @return zero for success, -errno for failure to send reply
 */
int fuse_reply_open(fuse_req_t req, const struct fuse_file_info *fi);

/**
 * Reply with number of bytes written
 *
 * Possible requests:
 *   write
 *
 * @param req request handle
 * @param count the number of bytes written
 * @return zero for success, -errno for failure to send reply
 */
int fuse_reply_write(fuse_req_t req, size_t count);

/**
 * Reply with data
 *
 * Possible requests:
 *   read, readdir, getxattr, listxattr
 *
 * @param req request handle
 * @param buf buffer containing data
 * @param size the size of data in bytes
 * @return zero for success, -errno for failure to send reply
 */
int fuse_reply_buf(fuse_req_t req, const char *buf, size_t size);

/**
 * Reply with filesystem statistics
 *
 * Possible requests:
 *   statfs
 *
 * @param req request handle
 * @param stbuf filesystem statistics
 * @return zero for success, -errno for failure to send reply
 */
int fuse_reply_statfs(fuse_req_t req, const struct statfs *stbuf);

/**
 * Reply with needed buffer size
 *
 * Possible requests:
 *   getxattr, listxattr
 *
 * @param req request handle
 * @param count the buffer size needed in bytes
 * @return zero for success, -errno for failure to send reply
 */
int fuse_reply_xattr(fuse_req_t req, size_t count);

/* ----------------------------------------------------------- *
 * Filling a buffer in readdir                                 *
 * ----------------------------------------------------------- */

/**
 * Calculate the number of bytes a directory entry takes up
 *
 * @param namelen the length of the entry name
 * @return the number of bytes needed
 */
size_t fuse_dirent_size(size_t namelen);

/**
 * Add a directory entry to the buffer
 *
 * Buffer needs to be large enough to hold the entry
 *
 * From the 'stbuf' argument the st_ino field and bits 12-15 of the
 * st_mode field are used.  The other fields are ignored.
 *
 * Note: offsets do not necessarily represent physical offsets, and
 * could be any marker, that enables the implementation to find a
 * specific point in the directory stream.
 *
 * @param buf the point where the new entry will be added to the buffer
 * @param the name of the entry
 * @param stbuf the file attributes
 * @param off the offset of the next entry
 * @return a pointer to the start of the next entry in the buffer
 */
char *fuse_add_dirent(char *buf, const char *name, const struct stat *stbuf,
                      off_t off);

/* ----------------------------------------------------------- *
 * Utility functions                                           *
 * ----------------------------------------------------------- */

/**
 * Get the userdata from the request
 *
 * @param req request handle
 * @return the user data passed to fuse_lowlevel_new()
 */
void *fuse_req_userdata(fuse_req_t req);

/**
 * Get the context from the request
 *
 * The pointer returned by this function will only be valid for the
 * request's lifetime
 *
 * @param req request handle
 * @return the context structure
 */
const struct fuse_ctx *fuse_req_ctx(fuse_req_t req);

/* ----------------------------------------------------------- *
 * Filesystem setup                                            *
 * ----------------------------------------------------------- */

/**
 * Check whether a mount option is claimed by the low level library or
 * not
 *
 * @param opt the option to check
 * @return 1 if it is a low level library option, 0 otherwise
 */
int fuse_lowlevel_is_lib_option(const char *opt);

/**
 * Create a low level session
 *
 * @param opts the comma separated list of options
 * @param op the low level filesystem operations
 * @param op_size sizeof(struct fuse_lowlevel_ops)
 * @param userdata user data
 * @return the created session object, or NULL on failure
 */
struct fuse_session *fuse_lowlevel_new(const char *opts,
                                       const struct fuse_lowlevel_ops *op,
                                       size_t op_size, void *userdata);

/**
 * Create a kernel channel
 *
 * @param fd the file descriptor obtained from fuse_mount()
 * @return the created channel object, or NULL on failure
 */
struct fuse_chan *fuse_kern_chan_new(int fd);

/* ----------------------------------------------------------- *
 * Session interface                                           *
 * ----------------------------------------------------------- */

/**
 * Session operations
 *
 * This is used in session creation
 */
00873 struct fuse_session_ops {
    /**
     * Hook to process a request (mandatory)
     *
     * @param data user data passed to fuse_session_new()
     * @param buf buffer containing the raw request
     * @param len request length
     * @param ch channel on which the request was received
     */
    void (*process) (void *data, const char *buf, size_t len,
                     struct fuse_chan *ch);

    /**
     * Hook for session exit and reset (optional)
     *
     * @param data user data passed to fuse_session_new()
     * @param val exited status (1 - exited, 0 - not exited)
     */
    void (*exit) (void *data, int val);

    /**
     * Hook for querying the current exited status (optional)
     *
     * @param data user data passed to fuse_session_new()
     * @return 1 if exited, 0 if not exited
     */
    int (*exited) (void *data);

    /**
     * Hook for cleaning up the channel on destroy (optional)
     *
     * @param data user data passed to fuse_session_new()
     */
    void (*destroy) (void *data);
};

/**
 * Create a new session
 *
 * @param op session operations
 * @param data user data
 * @return new session object, or NULL on failure
 */
struct fuse_session *fuse_session_new(struct fuse_session_ops *op, void *data);

/**
 * Assign a channel to a session
 *
 * Note: currently only a single channel may be assigned.  This may
 * change in the future
 *
 * If a session is destroyed, the assigned channel is also destroyed
 *
 * @param se the session
 * @param ch the channel
 */
void fuse_session_add_chan(struct fuse_session *se, struct fuse_chan *ch);

/**
 * Iterate over the channels assigned to a session
 *
 * The iterating function needs to start with a NULL channel, and
 * after that needs to pass the previously returned channel to the
 * function.
 *
 * @param se the session
 * @param ch the previous channel, or NULL
 * @return the next channel, or NULL if no more channels exist
 */
struct fuse_chan *fuse_session_next_chan(struct fuse_session *se,
                                         struct fuse_chan *ch);

/**
 * Process a raw request
 *
 * @param se the session
 * @param buf buffer containing the raw request
 * @param len request length
 * @param ch channel on which the request was received
 */
void fuse_session_process(struct fuse_session *se, const char *buf, size_t len,
                          struct fuse_chan *ch);

/**
 * Destroy a session
 *
 * @param se the session
 */
void fuse_session_destroy(struct fuse_session *se);

/**
 * Exit a session
 *
 * @param se the session
 */
void fuse_session_exit(struct fuse_session *se);

/**
 * Reset the exited status of a session
 *
 * @param se the session
 */
void fuse_session_reset(struct fuse_session *se);

/**
 * Query the exited status of a session
 *
 * @param se the session
 * @return 1 if exited, 0 if not exited
 */
int fuse_session_exited(struct fuse_session *se);

/**
 * Enter a single threaded event loop
 *
 * @param se the session
 * @return 0 on success, -1 on error
 */
int fuse_session_loop(struct fuse_session *se);

/**
 * Enter a multi-threaded event loop
 *
 * @param se the session
 * @return 0 on success, -1 on error
 */
int fuse_session_loop_mt(struct fuse_session *se);

/* ----------------------------------------------------------- *
 * Channel interface                                           *
 * ----------------------------------------------------------- */

/**
 * Channel operations
 *
 * This is used in channel creation
 */
01010 struct fuse_chan_ops {
    /**
     * Hook for receiving a raw request
     *
     * @param ch the channel
     * @param buf the buffer to store the request in
     * @param size the size of the buffer
     * @return the actual size of the raw request, or -1 on error
     */
    int (*receive)(struct fuse_chan *ch, char *buf, size_t size);

    /**
     * Hook for sending a raw reply
     *
     * A return value of -ENOENT means, that the request was
     * interrupted, and the reply was discarded
     *
     * @param ch the channel
     * @param iov vector of blocks
     * @param count the number of blocks in vector
     * @return zero on success, -errno on failure
     */
    int (*send)(struct fuse_chan *ch, const struct iovec iov[],
                size_t count);

    /**
     * Destroy the channel
     *
     * @param ch the channel
     */
    void (*destroy)(struct fuse_chan *ch);
};

/**
 * Create a new channel
 *
 * @param op channel operations
 * @param fd file descriptor of the channel
 * @param bufsize the minimal receive buffer size
 * @param data user data
 * @return the new channel object, or NULL on failure
 */
struct fuse_chan *fuse_chan_new(struct fuse_chan_ops *op, int fd,
                                size_t bufsize, void *data);

/**
 * Query the file descriptor of the channel
 *
 * @param ch the channel
 * @return the file descriptor passed to fuse_chan_new()
 */
int fuse_chan_fd(struct fuse_chan *ch);

/**
 * Query the minimal receive buffer size
 *
 * @param ch the channel
 * @return the buffer size passed to fuse_chan_new()
 */
size_t fuse_chan_bufsize(struct fuse_chan *ch);

/**
 * Query the user data
 *
 * @param ch the channel
 * @return the user data passed to fuse_chan_new()
 */
void *fuse_chan_data(struct fuse_chan *ch);

/**
 * Query the session to which this channel is assigned
 *
 * @param ch the channel
 * @return the session, or NULL if the channel is not assigned
 */
struct fuse_session *fuse_chan_session(struct fuse_chan *ch);

/**
 * Receive a raw request
 *
 * @param ch the channel
 * @param buf the buffer to store the request in
 * @param size the size of the buffer
 * @return the actual size of the raw request, or -1 on error
 */
int fuse_chan_receive(struct fuse_chan *ch, char *buf, size_t size);

/**
 * Send a raw reply
 *
 * A return value of -ENOENT means, that the request was
 * interrupted, and the reply was discarded
 *
 * @param ch the channel
 * @param iov vector of blocks
 * @param count the number of blocks in vector
 * @return zero on success, -errno on failure
 */
int fuse_chan_send(struct fuse_chan *ch, const struct iovec iov[],
                   size_t count);

/**
 * Destroy a channel
 *
 * @param ch the channel
 */
void fuse_chan_destroy(struct fuse_chan *ch);

#ifdef __cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif /* _FUSE_LOWLEVEL_H_ */

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